Computing Gratuity in UAE

Gratuity, also known as end-of-service pay, is an earned benefit granted to employees in the United Arab Emirates (UAE) upon the termination of their employment. It is a mandatory right enshrined in the UAE Labor Law and serves as a financial safety net for employees after years of service.


Your Basic Salary:

Employment Period:


# From To Days Gratuity
Total Gratuity You Should Recieve

Who’s entitled?

All private sector employees in the UAE are entitled to gratuity, provided they meet the following eligibility criteria:

  • Completion of one year of continuous service with the same employer.
  • Termination of employment due to reasons beyond the employee’s control, such as redundancy, company closure, or completion of a fixed-term contract.
  • Resignation with valid reasons, such as medical grounds, relocation, or reaching retirement age.

When is it payable?

Gratuity must be paid to the employee within 14 days of the last working day. This applies to all scenarios triggering gratuity payment, including termination, resignation, or retirement.

Calculating Your Gratuity Treasure

The formula for calculating gratuity is straightforward:

Gratuity = Basic Daily Wage x Total Service Years x Days’ Wage Multiplier

Here’s a breakdown of the key elements:

  • Basic Daily Wage: This is the employee’s average daily wage, calculated by dividing their monthly salary by the number of working days in a month (usually 22).
  • Total Service Years: This includes all completed years of continuous service with the same employer.
  • Days’ Wage Multiplier: This multiplier depends on the number of service years completed:
    • For the first 5 years: 21 days’ wages for each year.
    • For subsequent years: 30 days’ wages for each year.

Example Time!

Let’s say an employee has worked for a company in the UAE for 7 years, with a monthly salary of AED 10,000. Their basic daily wage would be AED 10,000 / 22 = AED 454.55.

Using the formula, their gratuity would be:

Gratuity = AED 454.55 x 7 years x (21 days for the first 5 years + 30 days for the last 2 years) = AED 116,766.75

Pro Tip:

Several online gratuity calculators can help you easily compute your end-of-service pay. These tools can be especially helpful for employees with complex employment histories or variable incomes.

Navigating Common Sand Dunes

While the basic calculation seems simple, there are a few potential sand dunes you might encounter:

  • Partial Service Years: If an employee hasn’t completed a full year of service, their gratuity will be prorated based on the number of months worked.
  • Capping the Mountain: There is a maximum limit to the total gratuity an employee can receive. This limit is equal to two years’ worth of the employee’s basic salary.
  • Change of Employer Oasis: If an employee changes jobs within the UAE, their gratuity will be accumulated based on their total service years with all previous employers.

Beyond the Sand: Additional Nuances

Here are some additional points to keep in mind:

  • Leave of Absence: Periods of leave of absence, such as maternity leave or sick leave, are generally counted as part of the employee’s service period for gratuity purposes.
  • Bonuses and Allowances: Bonuses and allowances are typically not included in the calculation of gratuity unless they are considered part of the employee’s basic salary.
  • Dispute Resolution: If you encounter any discrepancies or have questions about your gratuity calculation, you can seek assistance from the Ministry of Human Resources and Emiratisation (MOHRE).

Final Oasis: Wrapping Up

Understanding your gratuity rights is crucial for financial security in the UAE. By following this guide and staying informed about potential changes in the labor law, you can confidently navigate the sometimes-sandy terrain of end-of-service benefits. Remember, knowledge is your compass in this financial desert – use it to find your well-deserved oasis!

I hope this comprehensive guide equips you with the necessary knowledge to calculate your UAE gratuity with ease. Feel free to share your experiences or ask any further questions in the comments section below.


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